Category Archives: philosophy

What is Philosophy?

Socrates

The word “philosophy” comes from the Ancient Greek φιλοσοφία (philosophia).Phileo meaning “to love” or “to befriend” and , Sophia meaning “wisdom.” Thus, “philosophy” means “the love of wisdom”. The introduction of the terms “philosopher” and “philosophy” has been ascribed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras.

Philosophy provides the foundations upon which all belief structures and fields of knowledge are built. It is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument.

Philosophy spans the nature of the universe, the mind, and the body; the relationships between all three, and between people. Philosophy is a field of inquiry – the pursuit of wisdom; the predecessor and complement of science, developing the issues which underly science and think about those questions which are beyond the scope of science.

It is responsible for the definitions of, and the approaches used to develop the theories of, such diverse fields as religion, language, science, law, psychology, mathematics, and politics. It also examines and develops its own structure and procedures, and when it does so is called metaphilosophy: the philosophy of philosophy.
What is philosophy’, is itself a philosophical question.

Philosophy is the acquisition of knowledge.
-Plato

“the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics”
-Webster’s dictionary
Philosophy only is the true one which reproduces most faithfully the statements of nature, and is written down, as it were, from nature’s dictation, so that it is nothing but a copy and a reflection of nature, and adds nothing of its own, but is merely a repetition and echo. – Francis Bacon

Philosophy, being nothing but the study of wisdom and truth.
-George Berkeley

An art, which has an aim to achieve the beauty, is called a philosophy or in the absolute sense it is named wisdom.
-Alpharabius

Philosophy is an interpretation of the world in order to change it.
-Karl Marx

To repeat abstractly, universally, and distinctly in concepts the whole inner nature of the world, and thus to deposit it as a reflected image in permanent concepts always ready for the faculty of reason, this and nothing else is philosophy.
-Arthur Schopenhauer

The object of philosophy is the logical clarification of thoughts. Philosophy is not a theory but an activity. A philosophical work consists essentially of elucidations. The result of philosophy is not a number of ‘philosophical propositions’, but to make propositions clear. Philosophy should make clear and delimit sharply the thoughts which otherwise are, as it were, opaque and blurred.
-Ludwig Wittgenstein

The Branches of Philosophy

• Aesthetics- Aesthetics deals with beauty, art, enjoyment, sensory-emotional values, perception, and matters of taste and sentiment.

• Epistemology- Epistemology is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge,[11] such as the relationships between truth, belief, and theories of justification.
• Ethics- Ethics, or “moral philosophy,” is concerned primarily with the question of the best way to live, and secondarily, concerning the question of whether this question can be answered.

• Logic- Logic is the study of the principles of correct reasoning. Arguments use either deductive reasoning or inductive reasoning.

• Metaphysics- Metaphysics is the study of the most general features of reality, such as existence, time, the relationship between mind and body, objects and their properties, wholes and their parts, events, processes, and causation. Traditional branches of metaphysics include cosmology, the study of the world in its entirety, and ontology, the study of being.
• Political philosophy- Political philosophy is the study of government and the relationship of individuals (or families and clans) to communities including the state. It includes questions about justice, law, property, and the rights and obligations of the citizen.
• Social philosophy- Social philosophy is the study of questions about social behavior and interpretations of society and social institutions in terms of ethical values rather than empirical relations.

Advertisements

THE POWER OF WORD

THE POWER OF WORD

In every religion the power of the word is recognized,so much that in some of them creation itself is said to have come out of the word.The external aspect of the thought of the god is the word,and as god thought and willed before the creation came out of the word.
Apart from the higher philosophic and religious value of the word,we may see that sound symbols play a prominent part in play of human life.
Someone talking to you,he is not touching you ,the pulsation of the air caused by his speaking go into your ear, they touch your nerves and produce effect in your mind.You can not resist it.Isn’t it wonderful.
Someone calls you a fool, you stand and slaps on his face.Suppose you are in trouble and felling miserable then one of your friend comes to you and he shares some inspiring stories with you and tell you some words of wisdom and from that point you start felling good, motivated.This is the power of word.
So from now whenever you are talking to anyone keep in mind the power of word.If you will say good words they will produce a good effect and that effect will help you to become a noble person.The opposite is also true if you will use bad words in your conversation the will produce a bad effect on you as well as on the person with whom your talking.
The words are great forces in higher philosophy as well as in common life.And these forces are very much responsible for your success,failure and most important your character.

Agnosticism the best way to practice irreligion in absence of proof

agnosticism
The Nasadiya Sukta is the 129th hymn of the Rigveda it is concerned with cosmology and the origin of the universe it is known for its skepticism it ends with:

Who really knows? Who shall declare it here?
Whence was it born? Whence issued this creation?
Even the Gods came after its emergence.
Then who can tell from whence it came to be?
None knows when creation has arisen;
Whether He made it or did not make it,
He who surveys it in the highest heaven,
Only He knows, or maybe even He knows not.

An Agnostic person is one who believes that”humans can not know if there god exists or not” .Till today there are not any strong proofs of existence of god.Hence anyone can say he is atheist but if an atheist is unable to prove the non existence of god then he’s also in the category of agnostic.Similarly if any theist who believes in god is unable to prove the existence of god is also in the category of agnostic.
I personally see Agnosticism as the middle way between atheism and theism.We can temporarily declare ourselves as agnostic till we have a strong proof about existence or non existence of god but a permanent agnosticism is not a right way to practice religion.
Similarly a permanent belief in atheism,theism or any other branch of religion is also not a correct way.
In our whole life we should first choose any logical religious belief and then if we get any reasonable proof about it then only we should believe in that particular branch of religion.And if you are not have any proof about any god or religion then simply declare your self as an Agnostic.