Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is the source of morality. His thought continues to have a major influence in contemporary thought, especially the fields of metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and aesthetics.He’s regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of modern Europe & of the late Enlightenment. His most important work is The Critique of Pure Reason, an investigation of reason itself.
So act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.
Enlightenment is man’s leaving his self-caused immaturity. Immaturity is the incapacity to use one’s intelligence without the guidance of another. Have the courage to use your own intelligence!
The master is himself an animal, and needs a master.
The wish to talk to God is absurd. We cannot talk to one we cannot comprehend — and we cannot comprehend God; we can only believe in Him.
Men will not understand … that when they fulfil their duties to men, they fulfil thereby God’s commandments.
Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made.
Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life.
Nothing is divine but what is agreeable to reason.
Give me matter and i will build a world out of it.
As everybody likes to be honoured, so people imagine that God also wants to be honoured. They forget that the fulfilment of duty towards men is the only honour adequate to him.
The death of dogma is the birth of morality.
By a lie a man throws away and, as it were, annihilates his dignity as a man.
Through laziness and cowardice a large part of mankind, even after nature has freed them from alien guidance, gladly remain immature.
That all our knowledge begins with experience there can be no doubt.
But only he who, himself enlightened, is not afraid of shadows.
It is difficult for the isolated individual to work himself out of the immaturity which has become almost natural for him.
All human knowledge begins with intuitions, proceeds from thence to concepts, and ends with ideas.
All natural capacities of a creature are destined to evolve completely to their natural end.
Reason does not work instinctively, but requires trial, practice, and instruction in order to gradually progress from one level of insight to another.
Nature has willed that man should, by himself, produce everything that goes beyond the mechanical ordering of his animal existence, and that he should partake of no other happiness or perfection than that which he himself, independently of instinct, has created by his own reason.
Man’s greatest concern is to know how he shall properly fill his place in the universe and correctly understand what he must be in order to be a man.
We are not rich by what we possess but by what we can do without.