Heraclitus of Ephesus (c. 535 – c. 475 BCE) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, a native of the Greek city Ephesus, Ionia, on the coast of Asia Minor. He was of distinguished parentage. Little is known about his early life and education, but he regarded himself as self-taught and a pioneer of wisdom. From the lonely life he led, and still more from the paradoxical nature of his philosophy and his stress upon the needless unconsciousness of humankind, he was called “The Obscure” and the “Weeping Philosopher”.
Heraclitus is famous for his insistence on ever-present change in the universe, as stated in the famous saying, “No man ever steps in the same river twice” . He believed in the unity of opposites, stating that “the path up and down are one and the same”, all existing entities being characterized by pairs of contrary properties. His cryptic utterance that “all entities come to be in accordance with this Logos” (literally, “word”, “reason”, or “account”) has been the subject of numerous interpretations.
“Good character is not formed in a week or a month. It is created little by little, day by day. Protracted and patient effort is needed to develop good character.”
“Nothing endures but change.”
“Time is a game played beautifully by children.”
“The best people renounce all for one goal, the eternal fame of mortals; but most people stuff themselves like cattle.”
“Those who love wisdom must investigate many things”
“No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not the same river and he’s not the same man.”
“Allow yourself to think only those thoughts that match your principles and can bear the bright light of day. Day by day, your choices, your thoughts, your actions fashion the person you become. Your integrity determines your destiny.”
“To be even minded is the greatest virtue. Wisdom is to speak the truth and act in keeping with its nature.”
“We are most nearly ourselves when we achieve the seriousness of the child at play.”
“Thinking is a sacred disease and sight is deceptive.”
“Much learning does not teach understanding.”
“Man’s character is his fate.”
“Abundance of knowledge does not teach men to be wise.”
“Character is destiny”.
“Opposition brings concord. Out of discord comes the fairest harmony”.